The Lake Lucerne is Switzerland's most famous lake and has a total area of 114 square kilometres. The region around the lake is geographically the heart and historically the origin of Switzerland.
The lake is surrounded by mountains of the Schwyz Prealps in the north-east, Lucerne Prealps in the west, Unterwalden Prealp and the Urner Alps in the south and the Glarus Alps in the south-east. Most of the shoreline of the lake rises steeply into mountains. The Mount Gitschen (2'513 m) is located at its southeastern end and rises 2'080 metres above the lake.
One of the world's most comprehensive network of mountain railways and calbe cars connects several peaks around the lake and its summits offer great panoramic views of the Swiss Alps.