The Kihansi waterfall is located in the southern Udzungwa Mountains in Tanzania.
The waterfall is famous for a small amount of endemic amphibian species. The Kihansi Spray toads had lived on just two hectares along the Kihansi gorge. The construction of a dam upset the flow of the waterfall and devastated the species. The toad was only discovered during the construction of the dam, along with two endemic plants. The toad is currently categorized as "extinct in the wild" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Tanzania 2003, Kihansi Falls & Kihansi Spray toad.